A network that helps people worldwide obtain rapid advice and information on crop protection, including the identification and management of plant pests.
PestNet is a network that helps people worldwide obtain rapid advice and information on crop protection, including the identification and management of plant pests. It started in 1999. Anyone with an interest in plant protection is welcome to join. PestNet is free and is moderated, ensuring that messages are confined to plant protection.
July 2002. Farmers in the Sigatoka valley, Fiji, are experiencing severe thrips damage to eggplant. Leaves show browning around the veins (see symptoms in the attached photo), and fruit are scarred heavily and unsuitable for export. None of the pesticides available in Fiji appears to have any impact on the thrips, numbers of which exceed many hundreds per leaf. In their desperation, farmers have applied the following pesticides to no avail: Lannate, Suncis (pyrethroid), Endosulfan, Malathion, Amitraz, and Avermectin. What can they do?
First, the identification of the thrip was questioned: is it Thrips tabaci, or could it be the Western Flower Thrips, Frankliniella, which has invaded New Zealand in recent years. [Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia reported that every shipment of Chinese cabbage form USA (California) contains Western Flower Thrips, Frankiniella occidentalis. It was identified by CSIRO.]
Second, it was thought unlikely that insecticide would solve Fiji’s thrips problem. The description suggests that there is insecticide resistance and/or cross resistance occurring in the local thrips population. If so, then farmers will only exacerbate the problem by applying more pesticides. Pest outbreaks associated with heavy and frequent pesticide use are also frequently a symptom of damaged natural enemy control. Predators and parasites that might otherwise have kept the thrips in check have been wiped out by the pesticides. The current thrips pest management system should be looked at to try to assess where the breakdown in control is occurring that allows the thrips populations occur in such high numberts. Some of the chemicals mentioned are broad spectrum compounds that are likely to reduce natural enemies, so an IPM approach using ‘softer’ pesticides and other non-insecticidal control methods would be best in the long term.
Some of the questions about the thrips problem that need to be answer are:
1. What is the thrips species, and how long have the thrip outbreaks been occurring? 2. Has the thrip in question been in Fiji for a long time with the outbreaks occurring periodically, or 3. Is it a new pest exploiting an abundant food source, and 4. Is the thrips outbreak limited to the one area, or is it widespread throughout the growing area of Fiji?